'Weatherization' is defined as:
The practice of protecting a structure's interior and exterior from the elements. Particularly protecting from precipitation, wind, sunlight, and of modifying a building to reduce energy consumption and optimize energy efficiency.
- Seal bypasses (cracks, gaps, holes), especially around doors, windows, pipes that penetrate the attic ceiling, pull-downs and attic stair openings, light fixtures, and other areas with high potential for heat loss. Use caulk, foam sealant, weather-stripping, window film, electrical receptacle gaskets, door sweeps, and other items to reduce air infiltration.
- Install insulation in walls, floors, ceilings, and around ducts and pipes, and near the foundation and sill.
- Add an insulation blanket to the hot water heater and consider lower the temperature on your heater to 120 and 125 degrees.
- Seal duct work by ensuring that all ductwork is sealed at joints and intersections with duct sealer, silicone caulk, an/or foil-backed tape (not duct tape)
- Change furnace filters every month and have all heating and cooling equipment service by a professional annually.
- Use a programmable thermostat. In the winter set the thermostat between 65 and 70 degrees. At bedtime and when away from home for several hours set the thermostat back.
- Use solar heating on sunny days. Open drapes/curtains on south-facing windows when it is sunny outside. At night close the drapes to retain the heat and keeps drapes closed on windows that receive no direct sunlight.
For more weatherization tips and information: